论文>英语论文>Terror of the Soul-Analysis of Features

Terror of the Soul-Analysis of Features

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Terror of the Soul-Analysis of Features in Poe’s Gothic Fictions
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Abstract

In the 19th century American Romantic talent Edgar Allan Poe was famous for the peculiarity of both his character and works. Edgar Allan Poe’s importance as a short-story writer may be seen in his pioneering contributions to the genre, in his theory of the tale, in the rich variety, meaning, and significance of his stories, and in their influence on writers the world over. Clearly he has an obsession with the topic of death, as well as an extremely morbid fantastic life. His bizarre tales are the major sources of controversy, calling forth extremes of appreciation as in Paul Valery’s assertion that Poe was “the only impeccable writer”, and of depreciation, as in Emerson’s judgment that “the jingle man”. The paper aims to interpret how does Poe create horror effect deeply in his horror fiction based on the analysis of the background, theme, form and aesthetics of terror, his theories of composition and his philosophy. This thesis also endeavors to analyze the common features of the tales as a whole, and meanwhile probe into the deep meanings of these features. Chapter one is devoted to an introduction about Poe’s life experience and works. Chapter two makes a detailed analysis of the ......



摘 要

美国十九世纪浪漫主义时期的天才作家爱德加爱伦坡以其奇特的人格和作品而闻名。作为一位短篇小说家,坡的重要性体现在他在短篇小说方面的理论,意义以及其重要性的先驱贡献。非常清楚,他所着迷的既是极端病态的梦幻生活,又是死亡的话题。他是争议最多的美国作家之一,他笔下那些描写神秘、怪诞的恐怖故事是争议的最主要来源,并引起了两种极端的观点,瓦勒瑞认为他是“唯一一位无可挑剔的作家”,而爱默生则评价他为“叮当作响的人”。本文试图通过对其创作恐怖小说的背景、主题、表现手法、恐怖美感、创作理论和哲学思想的分析,来解释坡是如何制造出如此恐怖的效果。本文也力图分析坡恐怖小说的整体特征并深入发掘其内在含义。论文的第一部分简要介绍了爱伦坡的身世和他的恐怖小说。第二部分结合具体的恐怖故事情节对爱伦坡的死亡主题进行了详尽的分析,以及爱伦坡对世界文坛的影响和贡献。爱伦坡悲惨的生活遭遇塑造了他敏感、脆弱的性格,同时导致他在作品中大量涉及死亡这一与当时的美国文坛积极向上的主流趋势格格不入的主题,使他为许多人所误解,成为美国文学史上最有争议的作家之一。在坡的作品中,死亡几乎无处不在,处处弥漫着疯狂和死亡的气息。这是和坡的美学创作原作分不开的。坡一向坚持故事统一的效果对读者产生的影响力,而死亡就是最能激起读者反应,从而达到最佳效果的主题。同时,死亡的“丑”在坡笔下成为一种特殊的阅读快感。死亡毁灭性的力量和人内心不可抗拒的死亡本能使故事的主人公生存在极端的困境之中,无论作何努力,几乎都难逃一死。而等待死亡的过程更是痛苦不堪的。第三部分是论文的总结,全面概括了坡作品中死亡主题的意义。

关键字:坡;怪诞;恐怖小说;主题;影响


Contents

1. Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------------1
2. Analysis of Poe’s gothic fictions--------------------------------------------------1
2.1 Poe’s miserable life---------------------------------------------------------------3
2.2Gothic literature--------------------------------------------------------------------3
2.3 A brief introduction to Poe’s theme of death----------------------------------3
2.4 Poe’s aesthetic principles-------------------------------------------------------10
3. Poe’s influence to the world literature------------------------------------------14
3.1 A general view of Poe’s works-------------------------------------------------14
3.2 Poe’s influence on French literature-------------------------------------------16
4. Conclusion-------------------------------------------------------------------------18
References-----------------------------------------------------------------------------20


References
[1] Whitley J. S. Edgar Allan Poe: Tales of Mystery and Imagination [M]. Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Classics, Ltd., 1996.
[2] Poe, E. A. The Letter of Edgar Allan Poe [M]. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1948.
  
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